The causes of hair loss can be many. They can be linked to hereditary factors, hormonal changes, diseases, injuries, medications or environmental conditions.
Common causes of hair loss
Hair loss can have many causes. Poor diet, stress, the use of harsh chemicals, and certain illnesses can all contribute to hair loss. Women are particularly susceptible to hair loss due to hormonal changes. Menopause is often accompanied by hair loss, as estrogen levels drop dramatically. Women can also experience hair loss after childbirth due to hormonal changes that occur during this time.
Men are also susceptible to hair loss due to hormonal changes. Testosterone is the primary hormone responsible for hair growth in men. When testosterone levels decline, hair loss can occur. This may be due to age, stress or certain medications.
Certain diseases can also cause hair loss. Breast cancer is one of the most common diseases that causes hair loss. Cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, can also cause temporary or permanent hair loss. Thyroid disease is another common cause of hair loss.
Symptoms associated with hair loss
Hair loss can be associated with several symptoms, including hair loss, onset of baldness, appearance of balding or thinning areas, and changes in hair texture and color. Hair loss can be a symptom of a more serious health condition, such as diabetes or a thyroid disorder, and should therefore be treated by a doctor.
Hair loss can be temporary or permanent. Temporary hair loss is often caused by physical or emotional stress, vitamin or mineral deficiency, or certain illnesses. Permanent hair loss is generally caused by genetic factors, by age, or by certain medical treatments.
There are several treatments for hair loss. Topical treatments include anti-hair loss lotions and shampoos. Oral treatments include vitamins and minerals, as well as certain medications. Hair transplants are also an option for some patients.
Common Hair Loss Treatments
There are many common treatments for hair loss, including medications, injections, hair transplants, and lasers. Medications can be taken orally or topically, and injections are usually given by a dermatologist. Hair transplants are a surgical option, while lasers are a non-surgical option. Common hair loss treatments generally have few side effects and are relatively inexpensive.
Medications commonly used to treat hair loss include minoxidil (Rogaine) and finasteride (Propecia). Minoxidil is a vasodilator that can help dilate blood vessels in the scalp and improve blood circulation. Finasteride is an inhibitor of the enzyme 5-alpha reductase, which is responsible for converting testosterone into dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT is one of the hormones responsible for hair loss.
Injections of hyaluronic acid or other substances such as botox or collagen can also be used to treat hair loss. These injections help fill in the spaces between the hair follicles and hold the hair in place. Hair transplants are a surgical option for treating hair loss, but they are not always effective. Lasers can also be used to treat hair loss by stimulating the growth of hair follicles.
Prevention of hair loss
Hair loss can be a cosmetic and/or medical problem. Fortunately, there are ways to prevent hair loss. Here are a few tips :
- Use hair products suitable for your hair type. Unsuitable products can weaken your hair and make it more likely to fall out.
- Wash your hair gently and don’t pull it too much when brushing or styling.
- Avoid aggressive treatments such as coloring, perms or straightening. If you still want to do these treatments, do so sparingly.
- Take care of your scalp by massaging it regularly and moisturizing it if necessary.
- Adopt a balanced diet rich in vitamins (especially vitamins A, B and C) and minerals (such as zinc or iron).