The causes of hair loss can be many. They can be related to hereditary factors, hormonal changes, diseases, injuries, medications or environmental conditions.
Common causes of hair loss
Hair loss can have many causes. Poor diet, stress, the use of harsh chemicals and certain diseases can all contribute to hair loss. Women are especially susceptible to hair loss due to hormonal changes. Menopause is often accompanied by hair loss as estrogen levels drop dramatically. Women may also experience hair loss after childbirth due to the hormonal changes that occur during this time.
Men are also susceptible to hair loss due to hormonal changes. Testosterone is the main hormone responsible for hair growth in men. When testosterone levels decrease, hair loss can occur. This can be due to age, stress or certain medications.
Some diseases can also cause hair loss. Breast cancer is one of the most common diseases that causes hair loss. Cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, can also cause temporary or permanent hair loss. Thyroid disease is another common cause of hair loss.
Symptoms associated with hair loss
Hair loss can be associated with several symptoms, including hair loss, the onset of baldness, the appearance of bald or thinning areas, and changes in hair texture and color. Hair loss may be a symptom of a more serious health condition, such as diabetes or a thyroid disorder, and therefore should be treated by a physician.
Hair loss can be temporary or permanent. Temporary hair loss is often caused by physical or emotional stress, vitamin or mineral deficiency, or certain diseases. Permanent hair loss is usually caused by genetic factors, age, or certain medical treatments.
There are several treatments for hair loss. Topical treatments include anti-hair loss lotions and shampoos. Oral treatments include vitamins and minerals, as well as some medications. Hair transplants are also an option for some patients.
Common treatments for hair loss
There are many common treatments for hair loss, including medications, injections, hair transplants and lasers. Medications can be taken orally or topically, and injections are usually administered by a dermatologist. Hair transplants are a surgical option, while lasers are a non-surgical option. Common hair loss treatments generally have few side effects and are relatively inexpensive.
Commonly used medications to treat hair loss include minoxidil (Rogaine) and finasteride (Propecia). Minoxidil is a vasodilator that can help dilate blood vessels in the scalp and improve blood flow. Finasteride is an inhibitor of the enzyme 5-alpha reductase, which is responsible for the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT is one of the hormones responsible for hair loss.
Injections of hyaluronic acid or other substances such as botox or collagen can also be used to treat hair loss. These injections help fill in the spaces between hair follicles and hold the hair in place. Hair transplants are a surgical option to treat hair loss, but they are not always effective. Lasers can also be used to treat hair loss by stimulating hair follicle growth.
Preventing hair loss
Hair loss can be a cosmetic and/or medical problem. Fortunately, there are ways to prevent hair loss. Here are some tips:
- Use hair products that are appropriate for your hair type. The wrong products can weaken your hair and make it more likely to fall out.
- Wash your hair gently and don’t pull it too much when brushing or styling.
- Avoid harsh treatments such as coloring, perming or straightening. If you still want to do these treatments, do so sparingly.
- Take care of your scalp by massaging it regularly and moisturizing it if necessary.
- Eat a balanced diet rich in vitamins (especially vitamins A, B and C) and minerals (such as zinc or iron).